The analysis of results of thesis of degree, refers to the way to use the data collected with the applied instruments to be able to interpret the obtained data. In turn, the processing of these results will consist in the form of capture and storage of the data for the collection, tabulation and calculation of the information obtained with any of the tools applied for the collection of the information. The purpose of this grade thesis section is:
Group the information obtained.
Tabulate the data.
Concentrate your results on statistical figures. Diagrams, tables, graphs, representative tables and other elements necessary to make the proper interpretation of the phenomenon under study.
In this sense, it is necessary to develop a rigorous planning in the strategies or steps to be followed for that purpose. Here, we can evaluate if the techniques and data collection selected in the methodology are consistent with the results that we want to obtain to validate the research.
In general, in this chapter, the information collected with the instruments applied must be ordered, tabulated, codified and categorized. Indicating the results of as many techniques as instruments have been used. In addition to performing an analysis of the results obtained.
According to my experience, note that many researchers work different data collection instruments. However, when presenting them, they only place the information without any analysis or comment. Passing this information to be one more figure in the research work. It is necessary to explain the information collected and how it relates to the work of the degree.
What are grade thesis results analysis?
I will quote to answer the Manual of work of degree, specialization and masters and doctoral theses of the Universidad Pedagógica Experimental Libertador. Vice-rectorate for research and postgraduate studies.
These analyzes must be developed after ordering the information collected according to the data collection instruments used. Regardless of whether it is a qualitative, quantitative or mixed thesis.
Importance of analysis of thesis thesis results
Its importance lies in the fact that all degree theses are developed to carry out a scientific investigation, to approve a hypothesis, to obtain results of experiments. Without the analysis of these results the investigation would not be complete. According to these results, you can make proposals, approve or reject hypothesis and / or conduct future research on the same subject or similar topic.
How is the thesis results analysis done?
The analysis of results of thesis is directly related to the type of thesis being studied, the methodology used and the data collection instruments used.
In the case of quantitative degree theses, Hernández, Fernández and Baptista point out in their book Methodology of research. Fifth edition, which must be developed 6 Phases:
- 1: Select a program or statistical software.
- 2: Run the program on your personal computer.
- 3: Explore the data: Analyzing and descriptively visualizing the data by variable.
- 4: Evaluate the reliability and validity achieved of the instrument used.
- 5: Statistically analyze the hypotheses.
- 6: Perform additional analysis if necessary.
- 7: Prepare the results to present them by means of tables, graphs, tables, among others.
In the case of qualitative theses, it can be included in four phases:
- 1: Data collection.
- 2: Analytical tasks.
- 3: Results.
- 4: Possibility of returning to the field for more data or compliance with the purposes of the analysis.
In this article I will focus on the quantitative theses, since due to the length of the subject, it is difficult to touch with the same thoroughness both types of theses (quantitative and qualitative).
How should the results of the diagnosis be presented?
Presentation of results obtained by questioning closed questions.
The results corresponding to the questionnaires with closed questions, should preferably be presented with the following scheme: Include a table, which contains: scale, frequency distribution and percentage (%), where:
Scale: Options of answers that are offered to the interviewees.
Frequency: Number of responses obtained.
Percentage: Conceptual fraction that represents the frequency of the response.
The information must be totalized, 100% with the% and the number of subjects selected for the sample or population as the case may be. In addition, it is important to include a graph that shows the content and an analysis or commentary of what is developed in the table.
Example of Presentation of results obtained by questioning closed questions.
Adding a comment or analysis, describing the results obtained, is not a conclusion, only briefly explaining what was collected. Taken from the Keys guide for advice and review of special grade jobs. Place the source and author and year of the sample taking. This information must be placed, according to the rules of presentation of the grade work that is being used.
In the case of interviews. (Open Answers)
If you used the interview as an instrument to collect data, open-ended interviews, ideally you should identify the person interviewed, sex, age, occupation and place the interviews of the participants separately, thus avoiding the reader to get confused and understand the criteria of each of the interviewees.
Keep in mind that if you develop 5 open questions to 5 people, you should analyze 25 answers, since it is difficult for each of the interviewees to agree on all the answers.
In the case of checklists, checklist / checklist, among others
If your technique is a direct observation, you should use an instrument to reflect the collected data, you can work with a checklist, checklist / checklist, estimation scale, anecdotal record, analysis matrix. With multiple or dichotomous options. This instrument should be presented full and at the end, as in the previous cases, commented and analyzed.
Select the technique and data collection instruments according to the type of research you are developing. These instruments must be personalized and adjusted to the needs of the researcher. Therefore, they should not be copies of other investigations. There are other types of instruments that can support you, as is the case of photographic records, data provided by technical teams (used to collect data in health research, chemistry, physics, among others).
The teacher can tell you which techniques and instruments are the most appropriate to your research, however the best known or used, are those named in the previous section.
Making the instrument is simple, as long as you are clear about what you are going to investigate.